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Definition of international freight shipping

Definition of International Shipping:

International freight transportation means moving and transporting goods from a point within the country to a point in another country, in accordance with the laws and regulations governing it.

International Shipping Company:

International shipping company is a legal entity that will be formed in order to carry out international transportation operations including forward and freight forwarding activities.

Forward Activity:

Forward activity is the coordination and arranging of the carriage of goods through one of the various offshore landlines or a combination of them, and accepting responsibility under the bills of lading and contracts concluded.

Carrie's Activity:

International Carrier Activities are the direct transfer of goods from one country to another in one way of carriage and in accordance with the contract of carriage.

A. Carrier's duties:

    Contracts for carriage and issuance of letter code
    Providing documents for travel, such as Carne Tir, Carne de Passage, Donbass, Visa, Insurance, Certificate of Acceptance and ...
    The delivery of the necessary guarantees to the relevant authorities for obtaining the necessary documents
    Provide suitable trucks for carriage in accordance with the deadline set out in the contract.
    Delivery of goods from the sender or the forwarder and monitoring the loading of the truck in terms of matching the contents of the shipping documents with the cargo.
    Providing commodity documents for customs authorities from the origin to the destination of the letter and keeping the customs clearance clean.
    Delivery of goods to the recipient at places designated and authorized by the customs authorities.
    Observance of the specified route and the duration of the transit of the goods specified by the customs authorities.
    Observance of the route and the duration of the carriage of goods in accordance with the contract of carriage.
    Evacuation or monitoring of the discharge and counting of the goods and the signing of deductions and addition and damage.

Forwarder tasks:

Issuing the shipping profile

Contracts of carriage with the owner of the goods

Issue of Bill of Lading

Collection (according to the request of the owner of the goods and the contract of carriage)

 Warehousing (according to the request of the owner of the goods and the contract of carriage)

Package (according to the request of the owner of the goods and the contract of carriage)

Cargo insurance (according to the request of the owner of the goods and the contract of carriage)

Perform customs customs at the source and in terms of work

Concluding a contract with various carriers and obtaining a shipping permit, maritime, land, air

Acquiring information on the flow of goods and providing information obtained to the owner in accordance with the contract between the owner of the goods and the shipping company

Delivery of goods to the destination customs (Iran) in land transportation and signature of the faces of fractional and additional discharging

Receiving faces of deduction and addition and damage of goods, handling and clearance of the representative of the maritime and air shipping line and performing other duties related to other responsibilities.

- Make a pony with the parties

- Declaration of arrival of goods to the owner of the goods


Part of the Code of Conduct for the Legal Transit of Goods and Foreign Goods


Article 44. Whenever the seal (customs seal) is deliberately broken and the interception of foreign goods has been committed, the perpetrators or perpetrators shall be treated in accordance with the law on the punishment of smuggling. In addition, if this action requires another punishment according to the law, the perpetrators or perpetrators will receive the same punishment.

Article 45- If the condemnation of natural or legal persons by a competent court and in accordance with the laws and regulations of the country of the country, the perpetrators or perpetrators are subject to restrictions or deprivations, they shall also be treated in accordance with the provisions of the latter.

Note - In cases where the passer does not interfere with the identification of the judicial authorities in the case of smuggling or violation of any restrictions or fines.

Article 46. Drivers of vehicles carrying foreign goods are obliged to carry the goods carried without any interference in the time period specified in the permit for transit to the customs office of destination and exit customs.

The arrangement is based on the same basic principles that exist on Fob - with the exception that the seller ends his obligations whenever he places his goods in the carrier at the designated point of destination. If no specific point can be noted at the time of the contract of sale, both parties must indicate the place or distance where the carrier should take possession of the goods. The risk of damage or loss of goods from time to time is transferred from the seller to the buyer, not from the time the ship is shipped. << Carrier> means any person who has contracted to carry goods through a road, railroad, aircraft, seaway, or any complex combination in this manner by him or his name. Whenever the seller delivers a bill of lading or letter of delivery or receipts, he will perform his duty promptly by providing such a document issued by the person holding the carrier's name.

Bonus for discharge and loading before the expiry of the deadline is usually due to the fact that according to the conditions of the rental ships for the discharge and loading of the specific limit, so much more than the amount predicted in the contract for discharge and loading, acceleration time as The reward will be paid to the contract and will be called Dispatch.

 Demrurage demurage

The delayed cost of a ship is demo-rigging in the opposite direction to Dysach, which means that such a loading and unloading limit is less than the amount envisaged in the contract, the delay time will be paid as a fine from the owner of the goods, which is called demurrage.

 Surcharges surcharge

Additions to the fare.

 LIFO (liner in free out)

Loading is under the responsibility of the owner of the goods.

 (LIFO (liner in, liner out

Loading and unloading expenses are borne by the shipping company.

 FILO (free in, liner out)

Both the loading and unloading costs are borne by the lessor or the owner of the goods